Un breve recorrido por el territorio de este espacio natural protegido permite inmediatamente destacar dos elementos clave de su realidad física: la hidrografía y el relieve. Bien es cierto que estas dos unidades, que constituyen los aspectos más visibles de este espacio, son la expresión de otros componentes menos perceptibles, que son los que van a constituir y definir el medio físico del Parque.

Hydrography

 

Southeast Regional Park is structured around the axes of the lower courses of the Manzanares and Jarama rivers, their banks constituting the physical elements in the configuration of this space. Rivers, in concurrence with the geotectonic, modelers have been the agents of the relief of the park, forming valuable habitats and ecosystems to accommodate diverse and varied biological processes at the same time they have conditioned the socio-economic activities in the fertile valley of Jarama.

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Geology

Southeast Regional Park is a privileged place in terms of visible signs of its geology, presents a remarkable diversity in different aspects such as structural, stratigraphic, palaeontological and geomorphological. The lower courses of the Manzanares and Jarama rivers tertiary and quaternary materials pass through the downtown area west of the river Tajo, whose most important geological feature is its asymmetry, with steep slopes and long and extensive development of terraces.

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Relief

Among the major relief features of the geography of Madrid, the park consists of the so-called plateau plains and river valleys. The first contains two subunits, the Moors and associated relief and the Plains of transition.

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Weather

The central region of the Iberian Peninsula in the domain of the mild Mediterranean climate, with Mediterranean-continental trend. The main climatic features are specified in an average annual rainfall of between 440 and 490 mm and average annual evapotranspiration ranges between 700 and 776 mm, particularly marked in the summer months. The average annual temperature is around 14ºC (57.2ºF), with summer averages 22 to 25°C (71.6 to 77.0ºF), and winter close at 6º C (42.8ºF).

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Edaphology

The soil is the solid outermost surface serving to support vegetation, source of nutrients for forests, crops and other living beings, subject to the various actions caused by weathering and human activities aimed at use of their productive potential. Also support construction activities, industrial and mining of various types of the Southeast Regional Park has a wide representation in its use as a source of building materials, mainly sands and gravels in the valley of Jarama.

The soil classification used was established by the Working Group for Soil Classification and Surveying of the FAO in 1968 and revised in 1989. Provides a method of soil classification based on the definition of taxonomic units at two basic levels of detail: 28 main groups, subdivided into 153 soil units. The classification system is inspired by the American System of Soil Taxonomy, especially in the identification of diagnostic horizons, but largely reflected in the nomenclature of traditional genetic classifications.

 

The soil classification used was established by the Working Group for Soil Classification and Surveying of the FAO in 1968 and revised in 1989. Provides a method of soil classification based on the definition of taxonomic units at two basic levels of detail: 28 main groups, subdivided into 153 soil units. The classification system is inspired by the American System of Soil Taxonomy, especially in the identification of diagnostic horizons, but largely reflected in the nomenclature of traditional genetic classifications

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