The Natural Resources Management Plan provides, in accordance with Law 4 /1989 of March 27, of Natural Areas and Wildlife Conservation, an area of socioeconomic influence of this space, composed of all the municipalities where this land is located..

The social and economic conditions of the municipalities that make up this area, will determine the development of the territory and its current configuration. These are chaired and largely related to the development of Madrid, its conversion during the twentieth century in the contemporary metropolis and the tensions of change between this development and traditional rural activities.

Will try to make a brief approach to the socioeconomic reality of the municipalities that make up the socio-economic catchment area of the park. The characterization of this reality is done by submitting various indicators related to factors such as population, structure, and other economic activities of significance.

Located in the southeast quadrant of the Community of Madrid, the Regional Park is an area highly influenced by the socioeconomic dynamics of the municipalities comprising it are those of the surface of this natural protected area. Aranjuez, Arganda del Rey, Ciempozuelos, Coslada, Chinchón, Getafe, Madrid, Mejorada del Campo, Pinto, Rivas Vaciamadrid, San Fernando de Henares San Martín de la Vega, Titulcia, Torrejón de Ardoz, Valdemoro and Velilla de San Antonio, provide part, to a greater or lesser extent, on their territory.

The surface of these municipalities is 951 km2, this represents 11.8% of the total of the Community of Madrid, when taking into account the percentage area of Madrid is close to 20% of total autonomy. Five municipalities have more than 50% of the area included in the Parque del Sureste, Velilla de San Antonio, with nearly all of its area included in the Park, San Martín de la Vega, Ciempozuelos, Titulcia and Rivas-Vaciamadrid. By contrast other municipalities have a token presence in all the Park's area, with values below 5%, Aranjuez, Chinchón, Coslada and Torrejon de Ardoz, the latter with a meager 0.2% of the area included in the Regional Park. It should be noted that the municipality of Madrid has a 1.4% of its area included in the Park.

In relative terms to the very surface of these municipalities and their contribution to the Regional Park is San Martin de la Vega the municipality with more than 85 km2, has more surface area included in the Park, almost 30% of the surface Park belongs to the municipality. Velilla de San Antonio, despite being almost entirely included in the Park contributes only 4.6% of the total surface. Torrejón de Ardoz and Coslada are the municipalities which, without 0.1% less surface area of the municipalities contribute to all this natural space. The municipality of Madrid represents 2.8% of the total area of the park.

This area was inhabited in 2002 by a total of 606,357 individuals, representing 11.0% of the total effective Madrid.

Regarding the settlement, only the town of Velilla de San Antonio is within the Regional Park. In most of the municipalities bordering the edge of the urban park, as in Ciempozuelos, San Martín de la Vega and Titulcia, and in others it is far away, as in Chinchón, Getafe and Valdemoro. You only need to note in these terms of settlement of this natural area, the presence of various developments in the Jarama Valley, and some buildings related to agricultural use.